Agriculture leads to greenhouse gas emissions through biological processes, the production and use of inputs such as fertilizer, pesticides, and other treatments, as well as through the energy use for machinery and on-farm refinement processes.
When an ingredient used in a product has fossil origins, it is categorized as a fossil resource. This category includes the use of petroleum oil, coal, and similar.
Food is moved from field to factory to consumer, using a variety of transport modes and fuels. All transport activities are included in the climate footprint, up to the stage stated in the report.
Most food products have gone through some sort of refinement. It could be cleaning, heating, cooling, drying, mixing, sterilization, fermentation, or an array of other activities. These processes all consume energy and some require the use of chemicals.
Energy and raw materials used for packaging in different steps along the production chain.
In warehouses, energy is consumed mainly for lighting, heating, chilling, and ventilation. Leakage of refrigerants – used for air-conditioning, fridges, and freezers – also contribute to climate change, since these are powerful greenhouse gases.
CarbonCloud guarantees that this number can be compared to all other food products with a common yardstick, on our growing community of climate footprints.
|HDPE resin, fossil based|
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